| Feral Deer in Australia
PEST STATUS - DISTRIBUTION - PEST CONTROL OPTIONS
Feral deer damage native plants, crops and plantation trees. They complete with the farmers livestock for food and water. Their activities often lead to soil erosion and water degradation in creek and river systems.
As hoofed mammals, feral deer they can also act as carriers of disease that affect livestock such as cattle and horses.
There are six species of feral deer in Australia - Fallow Deer - Red, Wapiti or Elk Deer - Hog Deer - Chital, Axis or Spotted Deer - Timor or Rusa Deer - Sambar Deer.
Feral deer are an emerging and potentially serious environmental and agricultural pest in Australia. They currently inhabit around 8.8 per cent of Australia or 670,000 km2.
AREA OF DISTRIBUTION
Found in all States and Territories of Australia.
Feral Deer inhabit rainforests, eucalypt forests and farmlands. Their preferred food is grass but they also eat the leaves of shrubs, trees and herbs, bark and some fruit.
PEST CONTROL OPTIONS
(1) Ground or Aerial Shooting
(3) Exclusion Fencing
(4) Use of Repellents
Shooting is the most common control measure, as often feral deer herds cannot be easily trapped and transported to a secure, enclosed area.
Shooting is a humane method of killing feral deer when it is carried out by experienced, skilled shooters; the animal can be clearly seen and is within range; and, the correct firearm, ammunition and shot placement is used.
Skilled Professionals: Shooting of feral deer should only be performed by expert shooters who have the necessary experience, licences and accreditation.
Herd flight response is a limiting factor for humane and instantaneous killing of deer. Shooting operations should occur on moonless nights with the aid of spotlights. Silenced rifles may also reduce animal disturbance and facilitate accurate shooting.
Female deer often hide newly born young until they become mobile. To minimise the risk of missed dependant young suffering a slow death from starvation, shooting programs should not be undertaken when females are calving or fawning.
Feral Deer Pest Control Guide PDF
Feral Red Deer - Habitat, Distribution & Control PDF
Feral Chital Deer - Habitat, Distribution & Control PDF
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PEST STATUS - DISTRIBUTION - FERAL PEST CONTROL OPTIONS